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What Are The Stages Of Drilling A Water Well?

In many parts of the U.S., water well drilling is essential to maintaining any human presence. Even in places where water seems abundant, a good source of drinkable water is invaluable. If you're going to hire a water well drilling services contractor, you should understand the process. Customers should be aware of these three stages.


You can't have a water well until you find a safe source of clean water. In most regions, that's not as simple as drilling a hole straight down.

You should use hydrological, topographical, and property records to identify where the best exploratory sites are. A driller can visit the highest-probability locations to sink exploratory holes. Ideally, they'll find enough water that it will feed mud back through the hole when they strike.


Okay, fortune has smiled upon you. There is a water deposit on the property. Now you need to prove it's safe for drinking. That means sending the water out to a laboratory so they can verify it's fine. Otherwise, you will run the risk of exposure to contaminants like metals, gases, and even bacteria that can cause illness.

A poor test panel isn't always the end of a well's chances, though. You may be able to use filtration if the condition of the well water isn't too bad. However, if it is, then you'll have to go back to stage one and do more water well drilling.

Accessing the Water

Congratulations, you've found a clean-enough deposit to use. Now you need to access it. The water well drilling services provider will usually run casing and pipes into the deposit. If you're especially lucky, there might be enough water pressure that you won't need a pump. However, most drilled wells require pumps to provide respectable pressure and throughput. If you can't achieve sufficient throughput, then it's back to stage one, again.

The water well drilling services provider might also build up the area around the well. For example, they may need to stabilize the casing by surrounding it with rocks. They also will usually provide enough room so you can access the pump for maintenance, repair, and replacement work.

Supposing the water pressure is sufficient, you'll need to run the water to your desired location. You might need to install tanks for human consumption or a pond for agricultural use. From there, the infrastructure will look pretty similar to what it would if your system was tied to municipal water.